Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense)
Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense
Origin: native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions
Parts Used: Flower & Leaves
Color: range from Pink to Dark Red

Have you ever taken a nip of nectar from the tiny florets of this familiar meadowland plant? The bees certainly do. Clover honey is one of the most common types of honey available, and bees visit Trifolium pratense throughout the summer and fall.

The edible flowers are slightly sweet. You can pull the petals from the flower head and add them to salads throughout the summer. A few tiny florets are a delightful addition to a summer iced tea: Serve your summer guests a cup of iced mint tea with a lemon slice and five to ten tiny clover florets floating on top. You can also press the fresh florets into the icing on a summer birthday cake.
The raw greens of this plant are very nutritious, but like other members of the legume family (beans, peas), they are somewhat difficult to digest. The leaves are best enjoyed dried and in tea form to get the nutrients and constituents without the side effects of gas and bloating common to eating legumes.

In addition to nutrients, red clover offers a big bonus: Good health. It is often used as an herbal remedy to treat and prevent sickness.
Trifolium pratense is considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones (water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens and are found in many plants). It is used for hot flashes/flushes, PMS, lowering cholesterol, breast enhancement and breast health, improving urine production and improving circulation of the blood. It is also used to help prevent osteoporosis, reduce the possibility of blood clots and arterial plaques and limiting the development of benign prostate hyperplasia.

Trifolium pratense is a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Trifolium pratense is also considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones (water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens and are found in many plants).

Because it contains chemicals called isoflavones, which belong to a larger class of plant chemicals known as phyto (plant-derived) estrogens, Trifolium pratense is often taken to relieve symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Isoflavones are similar in shape to the female hormone, estrogen. Therefore, they may attach to estrogen receptors throughout the body particularly in the bladder, blood vessels, bones, and heart.

For women with normal estrogen levels, Trifolium pratense isoflavones may displace some natural estrogens, possibly preventing or relieving estrogen-related symptoms, such as breast pain, that are associated with PMS. This effect may also reduce the possibility of developing estrogen-dependent cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus). In addition, results from a review of nearly 1000 women suggest that Trifolium pratense may interfere with an enzyme known to promote the progression of endometrial cancer.
Trifolium pratense may also block enzymes thought to contribute to prostate cancer in men. It has shown a definite limiting effect, however, in the development of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. An enlarged prostate may cause men to experience a weak or interrupted urine stream, dribbling after urinating, or the urge to urinate even after voiding. For most men, BPH is a normal part of aging.

It is believed that Trifolium pratense may help to prevent heart disease in several ways. Although results from human studies are not definite, some show that taking Trifolium pratense may lower the levels of ‘bad’ low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and raise the levels of ‘good’ high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the body. In addition, Trifolium pratense may also promote an increase in the secretion of bile acid. Because cholesterol is a major component of bile acid, increased bile acid production usually means that more cholesterol is used and less cholesterol circulates in the body. Additionally, Trifolium pratense contains small amounts of chemicals known as coumarins, which may help keep the blood from becoming thick and gummy. Therefore, the possibility of forming blood clots and arterial plaques may be reduced. Plaques are accumulations of blood cells, fats, and other substances that may build up in blood vessels, possibly reducing or blocking blood flow. Trifolium pratense may also help the arteries remain strong and flexible (a quality often called ‘arterial compliance’), which may also help to prevent some of the plaque deposits that may lead to a heart attack or a stroke.

It has even been found to be helpful in quitting smoking.

Red Clover Tea:

1 cup red clover blossoms
2 tablespoons mint (spearmint or peppermint)
4 cups water
honey, to sweeten


Go in your yard and pick some red clovers. Inspect flowers and make sure there are no bugs. Also make sure the flowers have not been sprayed.
Bring the water to a boil. Remove from heat. Add clover blossoms and mint. Steep about 10 minutes. Strain. Add honey or sugar to taste. Enjoy!
I air dry red clover every year and keep in plastic sealed bags. Make iced tea with it using 6 cups water and 2 decaf tea bags, adding the mint and red clover. Very good for you and tastes great!



One thought on “Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)”

  1. Previously I had terrible cramping, lethargy, breast tenderness, lengthy and heavy bleeding with lots of acne and PMS. When drinking the Red Clover tea and proper tinctures on a regular basis, I noticed a great reduction in every one of those terrible symptoms, if not complete relief. If I do not want to do the tea, I use the Lady Soma Detox *which also helps e lose about 5-10 lbs everytime I do it), and I also get less PMS and bleeding when doing the Lady Soma Detox. One of the main ingredients is Red Clover.

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